With the progress of my country’s social economy and the continuous acceleration of the process of urbanization, many rural populations in our country have poured into cities. This situation has accelerated the pace of urban construction in my country, but at the same time, it has also made the rural youth population less and less. The rest are basically the elderly and children, so the vegetable cultivation area in rural areas is gradually decreasing, but at the same time, many entrepreneurial young people return to the countryside to start large-scale contracted land to grow cash crops and various vegetables. Therefore, the introduction of technological methods and equipment is an inevitable choice, and Vegetable Planter has become the choice of more and more people.
At present, domestic vegetable planting in my country is divided into greenhouse planting and field planting. Greenhouse planting belongs to the category of facility agriculture, and the full-process mechanized products it uses are very different from field planting. Greenhouse planting generally uses miniaturized and intensive machines. Next, the editor will introduce the basic process of mechanized vegetable planting. Normally, Vegetable Planting Machine mainly includes the following links:
1. Land consolidation: mainly including stone removal, soil improvement, disinfection, ridge formation, etc.
2. Pre-planting preparations: mainly include basal fertilizer application, rotary tillage and soil breaking, ridge formation, and film laying.
3. Live broadcast or transplanting: seed treatment, coating, pelletizing, seedling raising.
4. Cultivation and soil cultivation: weeding, fertilization, thinning, topping, pinching, leaf thinning, etc.
5. Field management: spraying and fertilizing.
6. Harvesting: harvesting, harvesting, digging, screening, cleaning, grading, packaging, storage, and transportation.
7. Post-harvest treatment: return to field, crush, etc.
In fact, in vegetable planting and production, if you want to use machines for transplanting or harvesting, you must use a laser leveler. At the same time, in order to improve efficiency, two or more rows of ridgers will be used to grow some leafy vegetables in the field. Improve the consistency of the ridge, increase the thickness of the soil layer, increase the permeability of the soil and the surface temperature, promote the germination of seeds and the growth of seedlings, ensure that the soil is thin and thick, and finally make the soil ridger easier to plant vegetables.